Urology is the surgical specialty which essentially focuses on the disorders or diseases associated with the urinary tracts of males and females, and the male reproductive system. Medical professionals who specialize in this field are called urologists and are trained to effectively diagnose, treat, and manage patients suffering from urological disorders. The various organs covered by urology include the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and the male reproductive organs namely; the epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate, and penis.
Urology involves the management of non-surgical medical problems such as urinary tract infections and benign prostatic hyperplasia, as well as complicated surgical problems such as the surgical management of different types of cancers and correction of congenital defects. Moreover, it is closely related to the other medical fields including Oncology, Nephrology, Gynecology, Gastroenterology, and Endocrinology. Urology is a discipline that combines the study of different organs and physiological systems and has different sub-fields.